Teachers haven’t had this kind of volatile national atmosphere in which to do our jobs for over 50 years. Not since at least the late 60s has our nation been so divided and so ripe for hatred and violence in the streets. The question becomes; what is our responsibility as educators when it comes to caring for students in times like these? Do we ignore the outside world, keep our nose to the grindstone, and push forward with business as usual or do we seize the opportunity to bring real life into the classroom and face our national demons head on? Of course, this might depend upon the content one teaches, but as for me and my fellow social studies teachers, I believe that to act like nothing is happening and forging ahead with our normal practices would be all but criminal negligence. Although our nation feels like it’s in big trouble and things are pretty unsettling right now, this is actually an exciting time to be a social studies teacher. If we claim to be any good at our craft whatsoever, now is the time to show it. It’s the bottom of the 9th, the bases are loaded, and we are up to bat.
It isn’t our responsibility to indoctrinate our students with our particular take on what’s going on. That should never happen. Rather, if we do our jobs right, we should do the opposite of indoctrination; we should free our students from indoctrination, open their minds and hearts, and arm them with multiple layers of perspective to allow them to navigate these choppy waters we’re sailing in with all the tools they need to find their way. If we do our jobs right, our students should come out of our classes much more empathetic and understanding of all sides of our national debates. With empathy and understanding, hatred melts away. If we are going to last as these United States, empathy and understanding are absolutely essential elements of survival. Too many of the adults in our national room have, I’m afraid, hopelessly lost sight of that. It is our current students who are going to have it within their power to right the ship, and it is our responsibility as teachers to help equip them to do just that.
We don’t do that by pushing whichever side of a cause we personally support, we do that by teaching the scope and purpose of all the sides involved and then letting students sort through all of them and ultimately come to their own conclusions.
We don’t let our own biases dictate the narrative, we let facts—all the facts from all perspectives—drive the discussion and then we stand back and let our students struggle—really struggle—with all of it. In that struggle, empathy and understanding should be cultivated and when the student emerges with a fully informed opinion, they will hopefully do so with the ability to discuss our national problems without hate and vitriol. We’ve all but lost our national penchant for civil discourse, perhaps our current students’ generation can resuscitate it.
I’ll close with an example of what I’m talking about which happened to me and changed the way I teach US history forever.
In the spring of 2015, I was teaching a lesson on the New York City Draft Riots of 1863. This bloody and destructive four day event was the result of poor whites in New York protesting against the newly instituted military draft. They felt singled out unfairly because free blacks were not required to sign up for the draft and rich whites could buy their way out. They lashed out in anger, burning down buildings and killing any free blacks or rich whites they could manage to get their hands on. This lesson took place not long after the riots in Baltimore over the death Freddie Gray while in police custody. I decided it would be a great opportunity to examine the reasons why people riot by comparing these two events. The point I wanted to drive home is that people resort to rioting when they feel disenfranchised, singled out, and hopeless. I showed a clip from the movie “Gangs of New York” (you can watch the clip here) that shows graphic reenacted depictions of the poor whites terrorizing the city. The students then read an article about the event. Then we read about the Baltimore riots, which were still fresh in the headlines, and I showed some raw footage of the looting and rioting in that city. In the class discussion that followed that clip, a student made an observation that had a profound impact on me. It brought home white privilege like a heavyweight punch between my eyes. I will come back to this moment a little later.
During my lunch break one day in May of that same year, I was sitting at my desk and had a visit from another teacher down the hall. She happens to be the only African-American teacher in our hall and one of only a handful in our building. It’s not unusual for her to drop in and touch base about one of her students or some assignment or idea we have talked about, but that day was different. She came in, sat down, and said, “I’m having a rough day.” I stopped what I was doing and just listened. She started to tell me how she was having a really hard time dealing with her emotions over the Tulsa police shooting of unarmed Terence Crutcher. She asked if I had seen the helicopter footage. I told her I had.
She asked, “How did they think he was a ‘bad dude’? He had his hands up.”
I said, “I know,” I really didn’t know what to say… “I guess because he was big and black.”
She then began to tell me how these events were weighing so heavily upon her that, some days, she just can’t take it. Then she buried her head in her hands and began to sob. I felt so bad for her and so utterly unequipped to help her. All I could offer at that moment were tissues.
We talked some more. I mostly listened. What could I say, really?
She told me that she came to me because she felt like I “got it.” I told her that I’m trying to get it and I try to write about it in hopes of getting anyone willing to set aside their preconceived world view and, at the very least, start listening to the message of those who are hurting and crying out in anguish all over this nation.
Then she cried out in anguish so eloquently about a condition I never have to even consider. She told me how she is terrified for her brother, a college graduate with a professional job who also happens to have dreadlocks down his back. She lives in constant fear that he could end up like Terence Crutcher after a routine traffic stop because of the growing fears of young men who look like he does. And then she said, “I’m tired of dealing with the constant news of another injustice in our society. I really don’t know if people understand what it is like to get on the internet daily and see such hate-filled comments against their culture for things that are completely out of their control. I can never change my skin color. The saddest part is explaining to my daughter that people may hate you for no reason other than the way you look. African-Americans are always expected to quietly endure, be strong, and not make excuses. It can become so heavy after a while. Like a boulder on your shoulder that no one can see, but you can feel the weight pulling you down.”
I wanted to say something that would make her feel better, but the words wouldn’t come. I think all I said was, “I know.”
But that’s just it. I don’t know. I can never really know. That is my white privilege. White privilege is not some specific advantage I get that assures me of having a better job or higher pay. It doesn’t get me into some sort of secret club. It means I don’t have to carry the weight on my shoulders that my friend carries every day. Most days, I am not even remotely aware of that burden.
I don’t know if I helped my friend by being there to listen. I hope, in some small way, it helped her to vent a little. I do know this, I am incredibly honored that she chose my room in which to unload her burden, and I told her that she is welcome to do so any time.
Now back to my story about the riots lesson. During the class discussion that followed the Baltimore riots video clip, I asked the students what kinds of things they noticed. One student, a white boy who had a bit of class clown in him, raised his hand and said, “all the rioters were black.” I think he was trying to be a wise guy with that comment, but I took his bait.
“True,” I said, “but you didn’t say anything about the rioters in the New York Draft riots all being white, did you?”
He was taken aback. “No…um, I guess I didn’t notice.”
It became crystal clear to me at that moment. I usually don’t notice either. I spend most days never giving any conscious thought to my skin color. I spend most of my days as a member of a clear majority. A large percentage of the people I am normally around look a lot like me. But, just occasionally, I find myself in a situation where I am in the minority. In those situations I become hyper-aware that I am white and most of the people around me are not. In those situations, I am stripped of my white privilege and I immediately lose the comfort that comes with it.
My friend down the hall, and millions of other African-Americans or other people of color in America rarely, if ever, get to feel that comfort level.
The concept of white privilege is a touchy subject with some white folks. Frankly, some are completely fed up with hearing it. Many of them, even if reluctantly, find themselves drawn into the camp of Donald Trump supporters because he seems to be the only one who understands their frustrations. I know this because many of them are my friends.
They feel like they are out there digging in the trenches just as hard as anyone. They see plenty of examples of black folks who are doing as well, or far better than themselves. They point to things like affirmative action or the fact that we just had a black president as proof that white privilege is a myth. But, in reality, they simply don’t understand what white privilege is. I didn’t understand it very well myself until a little 8th grade class clown unwittingly helped reveal it to me. Not being cognizant of white privilege IS part of white privilege.
We have a long and winding road ahead of us if we ever want to even start to get past this. I don’t know the solution, but I know the first step is to be honest with one another that the problem exists.
We don’t have to push an agenda on our students to impact them and make them better citizens, we just have to give them enough perspective to allow them to build their own empathy and understanding for the people they see in the streets of our broken nation.
As I always tell my students, “I’m never going to tell you what to think, but I’m sure going to give you a lot to think about.”
Please consider making a donation.
Keeping this website subscription free with no advertisements comes at a considerable cost. Please consider making a donation. You may donate in increments of $2.00 below. Thank you!